Key Components of Positive Behaviour Support


  • Prevention and reduction of challenging behaviour occurs within the context of increased quality of life, inclusion, participation, and the defense and support of valued social roles
  • Constructional approaches to intervention design build stakeholder skills and opportunities and eschew aversive and restrictive practices
  • Stakeholder participation informs, implements and validates assessment and intervention practices

Theory and Evidence-Based

  • An understanding that challenging behaviour develops to serve important functions for people
  • The primary use of applied behaviour analysis to assess and support behaviour change
  • The secondary use of other complementary, evidence-based approaches to support behaviour change at multi-levels of a system


  • A data driven approach to decision making at every stage
  • Functional assessment to inform function based intervention
  • Multicomponent interventions to change behaviour (proactively) and manage behaviour (reactively)
  • Implementation support, monitoring and evaluation of interventions over the long term

Gore, N. J., McGill, P., Toogood, S., Allen, D., Hughes, J. C., Baker, P., … & Denne, L. D. (2013). Definition and scope for positive behavioural support. International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support3(2), 14-23.